IJLST 2016 Volume 9 Issue 5
International Journal of Life Sciences and Technology (IJLST) ISSN: 0974-5335
An Open Access Journal -- NO Fees -- NO Processing Charges -- 100% Non Profit Initiatives
Status of buffalo diseases in Bangladesh in relation to casual agents and predisposing factors. K. B. M. Saiful Islam, Md. Hazzaz. Bin Kabir, Md. Hafizur Rahman, Md. Humayun Kabir. IJLST (2016), 9(5):44-50
Status of buffalo diseases in Bangladesh in relation to casual agents and predisposing factors
Authors & Affiliation:
K. B. M. Saiful Islam, Md. Hazzaz. Bin Kabir, Md. Hafizur Rahman, Md. Humayun Kabir
Department of Medicine & Public Health, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-120 firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-120 email@example.com
Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institution, Savar, Dhaka-1341 firstname.lastname@example.org
Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institution, Savar, Dhaka-1341 email@example.com
Although buffaloes play very important role in rural economy of Bangladesh, researches on buffalo diseases are surprisingly scarce in the country. Therefore, the study was undertaken to investigate the prevailing buffalo diseases in Bangladesh in order to help develop appropriate control and prevention measures. Both retrospective and prospective investigations on the incidence and prevalence of different buffalo diseases were conducted for a period of two years in different selected areas of the country. Laboratory analyses were conducted on biological samples to identify the causal agents for different diseases recorded. As high as 64.2% of the studied buffaloes were infected with one or more species of gastro-intestinal parasites. Younger animals were found to be more susceptible to both parasitic and protozoan infections but sex was found not to affect the incidence. Most of the non-parasitic enteritis was caused by E. coli (62.5%) and Salmonella sp. (29.16%). Clinical and subclinical mastitis were recorded in 23.68% and 31.57% of samples analyzed, respectively. The study unveiled a comprehensive scenario of buffalo diseases in Bangladesh in relation to casual agents and predisposing factors that are expected to serve as the key points to develop control and prevention strategies against the diseases of buffaloes in Bangladesh.
Keywords: GIT parasites, diarrhea, mastitis, buffalo calves, prevalence etc.