IJLST 2016 Volume 9 Issue 13
International Journal of Life Sciences and Technology (IJLST) ISSN: 0974-5335
An Open Access Journal -- NO Fees -- NO Processing Charges -- 100% Non Profit Initiatives
Preliminary phytochemical and biochemical composition of different solvent extracts of red seaweed Gracilaria corticata from Surathkal beach, Karnataka in India. Ashwini S, Manjula Shantaram. IJLST (2016), 9(13):106-110
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Preliminary phytochemical and biochemical composition of different solvent extracts of red seaweed Gracilaria corticata from Surathkal beach, Karnataka in India
Authors & Affiliation:
Ashwini S1, Manjula Shantaram2
1 Research Scholar, 2 Full Professor,
Department of Studies in Biochemistry, Mangalore University,
Post Graduate Centre, Chikka Aluvara, 571 232, Kodagu, Karnataka, India.
Seaweeds or marine algae are potential renewable resources in the marine environment. They are also one of the nature’s richest sources of antioxidants such as carotenoids, pigments, polyphenols, enzymes and diverse functional polysaccharides in large quantities. Increase in human population and illogical exploitation of resources has led to a constant search for new resources to meet the growing demand for food, medicine and energy. Seaweeds is being used as anti-oxidant, anti-coagulant anti-microbial and anti-tumor agent due to the presence of metabolites such as fatty acids, steroids, carotenoids and amino acids. Majority of their antioxidant activity is due to flavonoids, anthocyanin and coumarin. The carbohydrate content was found to be the highest in G. corticata followed by protein content while lipid content was found to be minimum. The main objective of the present study was to determine the biochemical composition and phytochemical composition of G. corticata collected from Surathkal beach of Karnataka in India.
Keywords: Gracilaria corticata, Soxhlet apparatus, phytochemical screening, biochemical analysis.